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Title: Creating and Developing Capacities for National Healing and Peace Building in Zimbabwe Through ‘Difficult History’
Authors: Gilbert Tarugarira
Mbusi Moyo
Department of Applied Education, Faculty of Education, Midlands State University, Gweru, Zimbabwe
Mbizo High School, Zimbabwe
Keywords: difficult history
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Academia Education
Abstract: National healing and reconciliation have become integral engagements in post-conflict recovery processes in Africa. However, the persistence of violent conflicts has cast doubts on the extent to which governments can facilitate reconciliation. Unless a deliberate effort is made to incorporate peace education through the lens of ‘difficult history’, the cycles of ethnic violence characterising post-colonial Zimbabwe will continue unabated. This study examines how the Zimbabwe government can navigate social conflicts and contribute to building democratic peace and security through public education. The Gukurahundi massacre is considered pivotal towards understanding how ‘difficult history’ can be utilised to promote healing and reconciliation in a state with perennial ethnic antagonism. An argument is sustained that educational institutions have the capability of transforming the pervasive atmosphere of suspicion, mistrust and discord between the Ndebele and the Shona for national healing and reconciliation. Key words: difficult history, Gukurahundi, healing, reconciliation, Ndebele, Shona
Appears in Collections:Research Papers

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