Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://cris.library.msu.ac.zw//handle/11408/6220
Title: Maturity, protein content and yield stability of cowpea in Uganda
Authors: Gabriel Ddamulira
Carlos AF Santos
Mildred Alanyo
Idd Ramathani
Mcebisi Maphosa
National Crops Resources Research Institute, Namulonge, Uganda
Embrapa Semi-Arid, Petrolina, Brazil
National Crops Resources Research Institute, Namulonge, Uganda
National Crops Resources Research Institute, Namulonge, Uganda
Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Lupane State University, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
Keywords: maturity
protein
stability
Vigna unguiculata
yield
Issue Date: 6-Apr-2017
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
National Inquiry Services Centre (NISC)
Abstract: Low yields and protein content are major constraints to cowpea production in semi-arid areas. A study was conducted to determine cowpea performance across diverse environments in Uganda. Twenty-eight cowpea genotypes were evaluated in a randomised complete block design with three replications and parameters such as days to maturity, yield and protein content were quantified. Results revealed significant (P < 0.05) differences among cowpea genotypes for all the traits measured. The earliest-maturing genotype (WC 64) took 7 d less than the latest-maturing genotype (IT99K-216-48-1) to reach physiological maturity. Genotype IT97K-491-7 yielded 1.28 t ha−1, which was 23% more than the average yield for all genotypes studied, whereas genotypes NE 15 and NE 19 exhibited the highest (25.5%) and lowest (23.1%) protein content, respectively. Based on stability analysis, the genotypes IT97K-491-7 and NE 48 were found to be more stable for grain yield, whereas IT93K-452-1, SECOW 4B and WC 36 were stable for protein content across the three environments. The results revealed variability in cowpea maturity, yield, protein content and stability, which could be exploited by breeding programmes to develop suitable cultivars across diverse environments in Uganda.
URI: https://cris.library.msu.ac.zw//handle/11408/6220
Appears in Collections:Research Papers

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