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Title: Performance of leaf extract media in culturing mycorrhizal mushroom mycelium
Authors: Alec Mlambo
Mcebisi Maphosa
Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Lupane State University, Lupane, Zimbabwe
Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Lupane State University, Lupane, Zimbabwe
Keywords: mycorrhizal mushrooms
leaf extracts
leaf infusion
mycelium growth rate
Issue Date: 29-Nov-2023
Publisher: Academy of Science of South Africa
Abstract: In-vitro culture of mycorrhizal mushroom (MM) species in southern Africa remains largely unexplored, particularly using tree-derived media. In this study, a Julbernardia globiflora [(Benth.) Troupin] leaf infusion was tested for its ability to promote MM mycelial growth. Amanita loosii, Cantharellus miomboensis and Cantharellus heinemannianus isolates were incubated at a pH of 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 and at 25 °C in six leaf extract agar (LEA) infusion concentrations of 150, 175, 200, 225 or 250 grams of leaves/L distilled water, with potato dextrose agar (PDA) as a standard. We determined mycelium growth rates for all treatment combinations. Mycelium growth rate was found to be optimal at a pH between 4 and 6 in all leaf infusion concentrations tested. Significant (p<0.001) linear regressions of A. loosii and C. miomboensis were found for pH only (R2=0.837 and 0.8582, respectively) and a significant (p<0.001) regression was found for C. heinemannianus (R2=0.293). Amanita loosii and C. heinemannianus had faster (p<0.001) growth in PDA than in LEA, while C. miomboensis had similar growth rates in the two media. Growth characteristics observed were attributed to acid phosphatase mediated physiological processes in mycelium for the different MM species with an optimum pH of 4–6. MM mycelia were white, mycelia for A. loosii and C. miomboensis were loose and for C. heinemannianus were thin filaments. LEA proved to be a potential alternative medium for culturing MM species. Significance: • A novel miombo tree extract medium was tested with three miombo mycorrhizal mushrooms. • Our findings show the new medium to be a possible alternative to, but not as viable as, potato dextrose agar. • The findings of his study widen the scope of use for the forest tree derived media and demonstrate the cultivability of miombo mycorrhizal mushroom species. • Our findings improve the possibility of enhancing food security through culturing and possibly cultivating the less explored African mycorrhizal mushrooms.
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