Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://cris.library.msu.ac.zw//handle/11408/593
Title: Effect of time and method of paclobutrazol application on growth, quality and yield of potato (solanum tuberosum L.)
Authors: Mabvongwe, Ottilia
Keywords: Potato production
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Midlands State University
Abstract: Potato is one of the most widely grown tuber crop that contribute significantly to human nutrition and food security. Potato is a cool season crop and high temperatures are inhibitory to tuberization resulting in low yields. This is mainly due to production of high levels of gibberellins at high temperatures that promote vegetative growth at the expense of tuberization. The balance of hormones that control tuberization can be managed by using anti-gibberellin synthesis such as paclobutrazol to overcome the inhibitory effect caused by gibberellins. Two experiments were set up in a greenhouse with 60% relative humidity, 34 0C(±3) and 21 0C(±3) day and night temperature respectively at Harare Research Station to investigate the effect of paclobutrazol on growth, yield and quality of potatoes. The first experiment was set up as a 4 x 2 factorial design in a CRD with 3 replications to investigate the effect of time of paclobutrazol application on the growth, yield and quality of potato. The first factor was potato variety and the levels were BP1 and Diamond. The second factor was paclobutrazol application time and the levels were 28 DAP, 35DAP, 42DAP and no paclobutrazol applied (control). Early application of paclobutrazol at 28DAP increased yield and starch content by 108% and 28% respectively compared to the no paclobutrazol treatments. The second experiment was set up as a 4 x 2 factorial design in a CRD with 4 replications to evaluate the effect of method of paclobutrazol application and variety on growth, yield and quality of potato. The first factor was potato variety and the levels were BP1 and Diamond. The second factor was paclobutrazol application method and the levels were drench, foliar and no paclobutrazol applied (control). Regardless of the method of application, paclobutrazol increased yield, grades and tuber starch content of potato but the effect was more in drench applied plots compared to foliar applied treatments. Drench application increased stem diameter and yield by 85% and 120% respectively.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11408/593
Appears in Collections:Master of Science in Crop Science

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